Gene frequencies of the five major human platelet antigens in African American, white, and Korean populations

H. O. Kim, Y. Jin, T. S. Kickler, K. Blakemore, O. H. Kwon, P. F. Bray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The study of the immunogenetics of the human platelet antigens is important to the improvement of diagnosis and genetic counseling and to the development of screening programs for women at risk of having babies with neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia. Description of the immunogenetics of the human platelet antigens in some racial groups has been incomplete. Study Design and Methods: A reverse dot blot technique employing polymerase chain reaction-amplified genomic DNA was applied in genotyping the five major human platelet antigens in the following populations: 100 African American and 100 white women admitted to the obstetric unit at Johns Hopkins Hospital (Baltimore, MD) and 100 inpatients at Yonsei University (Seoul, Korea). Results: The gene frequencies of HPA-2b (Koa) and HPA-5b (Bre) in African Americans were twice those in whites (African Americans: 0.18 and 0.21, respectively; whites: 0.09 and 0.11, respectively). There is a very low gene frequency of the HPA-1b (PI(A2)) allele in Koreans (0.005). No significant differences were found in the gene frequencies of the human platelet antigens in whites in this series and those in published European studies. Conclusion: These studies indicate a higher potential risk for alloimmunization to HPA-2 (Ko) and HPA-5 (Br) antigens in African Americans than in whites. In addition, the low gene frequency of HPA-1b (PI(A2)) in African Americans and Koreans suggests that alloimmunization to HPA-1a (PI(A1)) would be very unusual in these populations. These data may provide the basis for planning neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia screening programs in certain ethnic populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)863-867
Number of pages5
JournalTransfusion
Volume35
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1995

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Human Platelet Antigens
Gene Frequency
African Americans
Neonatal Alloimmune Thrombocytopenia
Immunogenetics
Population
varespladib methyl
Baltimore
Program Development
Genetic Counseling
Korea
Obstetrics
Inpatients
Alleles
Antigens
Polymerase Chain Reaction
DNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Hematology

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Gene frequencies of the five major human platelet antigens in African American, white, and Korean populations. / Kim, H. O.; Jin, Y.; Kickler, T. S.; Blakemore, K.; Kwon, O. H.; Bray, P. F.

In: Transfusion, Vol. 35, No. 10, 1995, p. 863-867.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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