Gene expression profile of human bone marrow stromal cells: High-throughput expressed sequence tag sequencing analysis

Libin Jia, Marian F. Young, John Powell, Liming Yang, Nicola C. Ho, Robert Hotchkiss, Pamela Gehron Robey, Clair A. Francomano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Human bone marrow stromal cells (HBMSC) are pluripotent cells with the potential to differentiate into osteoblasts, chondrocytes, myelosupportive stroma, and marrow adipocytes. We used high-throughput DNA sequencing analysis to generate 4258 single-pass sequencing reactions (known as expressed sequence tags, or ESTs) obtained from the 5′ (97) and 3′ (4161) ends of human cDNA clones from a HBMSC cDNA library. Our goal was to obtain tag sequences from the maximum number of possible genes and to deposit them in the publicly accessible database for ESTs (dbEST of the National Center for Biotechnology Information). Comparisons of our EST sequencing data with nonredundant human mRNA and protein databases showed that the ESTs represent 1860 gene clusters. The EST sequencing data analysis showed 60 novel genes found only in this cDNA library after BLAST analysis against 3.0 million ESTs in NCBI's dbEST database. The BLAST search also showed the identified ESTs that have close homology to known genes, which suggests that these may be newly recognized members of known gene families. The gene expression profile of this cell type is revealed by analyzing both the frequency with which a message is encountered and the functional categorization of expressed sequences. Comparing an EST sequence with the human genomic sequence database enables assignment of an EST to a specific chromosomal region (a process called digital gene localization) and often enables immediate partial determination of intron/exon boundaries within the genomic structure. It is expected that high-throughput EST sequencing and data mining analysis will greatly promote our understanding of gene expression in these cells and of growth and development of the skeleton.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-17
Number of pages11
JournalGenomics
Volume79
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2002

Keywords

  • Data mining
  • EST sequencing analysis
  • Gene expression profile
  • Human bone marrow stromal cells
  • Novel genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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