Gene expression profile of herpesvirus-infected T cells obtained using immunomicroarrays: Induction of proinflammatory mechanisms

M. Mayne, C. Cheadle, S. S. Soldan, C. Cermelli, Y. Yamano, N. Akhyani, J. E. Nagel, D. D. Taub, K. G. Becker, S. Jacobson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Herpesvirus infections can frequently lead to acute inflammation, yet the mechanisms regulating this event remain poorly understood. In order to determine some of the immunological mechanisms regulated by human herpesvirus infections, we studied the gene expression profile of lymphocytes infected with human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) by using a novel immunomicroarray. Our nylon-based immunomicroarray contained more than 1,150 immune response-related genes and was highly consistent between experiments. Experimentally, we found that independently of the HHV-6 strain used to infect T cells, multiple proinflammatory genes were increased and anti-inflammatory genes were decreased at the mRNA and protein levels. HHV-6 strains A and B increased expression of the genes for interleukin-18 (IL-18), the IL-2 receptor, members of the tumor necrosis factor alpha superfamily receptors, mitogen-activated protein kinase, and Janus kinase signaling proteins. As reported previously, CD4 protein levels were also increased significantly. Specific type 2 cytokines, including IL-10, its receptor, and IL-14, were downregulated by HHV-6 infection and, interestingly, amyloid precursor proteins and type 1 and 2 presenilins. Thus, T cells respond to HHV-6 infection by inducing a type 1 immune response that may play a significant role in the development and progression of diseases associated with HHV-6, including pediatric, hematologic, transplant, and neurologic disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11641-11650
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of virology
Volume75
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology

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