Gender inequality in health among elderly people in a combined framework of socioeconomic position, family characteristics and social support

Silvia Rueda Pozo, Lucía Artazcoz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study analyses gender inequalities in health among elderly people in Catalonia (Spain) by adopting a conceptual framework that globally considers three dimensions of health determinants: socio-economic position, family characteristics and social support. Data came from the 2006 Catalonian Health Survey. For the purposes of this study a sub-sample of people aged 65-85 years with no paid job was selected (1,113 men and 1,484 women). The health outcomes analysed were self-perceived health status, poor mental health status and long-standing limiting illness. Multiple logistic regression models separated by sex were fitted and a hierarchical model was fitted in three steps. Health status among elderly women was poorer than among the men for the three outcomes analysed. Whereas living with disabled people was positively related to the three health outcomes and confidant social support was negatively associated with all of them in both sexes, there were gender differences in other social determinants of health. Our results emphasise the importance of using an integrated approach for the analysis of health inequalities among elderly people, simultaneously considering socio-economic position, family characteristics and social support, as well as different health indicators, in order fully to understand the social determinants of the health status of older men and women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)625-647
Number of pages23
JournalAgeing and Society
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Elderly
  • Family characteristics
  • Gender
  • Inequalities
  • Social support
  • Socio-economic factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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