Desigualdades de género en salud laboral en España

Translated title of the contribution: Gender inequalities in occupational health in Spain

Javier Campos-Serna, Elena Ronda-Pérez, Lucía Artazcoz, Fernando G. Benavides

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Objectives: To analyze gender inequalities in employment and working conditions, the work-life balance, and work-related health problems in a sample of the employed population in Spain in 2007, taking into account social class and the economic sector. Methods: Gender inequalities were analyzed by applying 25 indicators to the 11,054 workers interviewed for the VI edition of the National Working Conditions Survey. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to calculate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI), stratifying by occupational social class and economic sector. Results: More women than men worked without a contract (OR. =. 1.83; 95% CI: 1.51-2.21) and under high-effort/low-reward conditions (1.14:1.05-1.25). Women also experienced more sexual harassment (2.85:1.75-4.62), discrimination (1.60:1.26-2.03) and musculoskeletal pain (1.38:1.19-1.59). More men than women carried out shift work (0.86:0.79-0.94), with high noise levels (0.34:0.30-0.40), and high physical demands (0.58:0.54-0.63). Men also suffered more injuries due to occupational accidents (0.67:0.59-0.76). Women white-collar-workers were more likely than their male counterparts to have a temporary contract (1.34:1.09-1.63), be exposed to psychosocial hazards and discrimination (2.47:1.49-4.09) and have occupational diseases (1.91:1.28-2.83). Gender inequalities were higher in the industry sector. Conclusions: There are substantial gender inequalities in employment, working conditions, and work-related health problems in Spain. These gender inequalities are influenced by social class and the economic sector, and should be considered in the design of public policies in occupational health.

Translated title of the contributionGender inequalities in occupational health in Spain
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)343-351
Number of pages9
JournalGaceta sanitaria / S.E.S.P.A.S
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Gender
  • Health surveys
  • Occupational health
  • Socioeconomic factors
  • Spain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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