Gender gap in annual preventive care services in France

Bamba Gaye, Hélène Hergault, Camille Lassale, Magalie Ladouceur, Eugenie Valentin, Maxime Vignac, Nicolas Danchin, Mor Diaw, Marina Kvaskoff, Sarah Chamieh, Frederique Thomas, Erin D. Michos, Xavier Jouven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: In France, screening for cardiovascular risk factors is recommended during annual preventive visits. However, data are lacking on the temporal trend in women's uptake to preventive care services, and in cardiovascular and mortality outcomes. The aim of the study was to investigate the participation and mortality of women in annual preventive care services in a major preventive medicine center in France. Method: Ee conducted repeated cross-sectional studies including a total of 366,270 individuals who had a first examination at the Centre d'Investigations Préventives et Cliniques, France, between January 1992 and December 2011. Findings: Women's participation was low below 50 years of age, then increases from 50 to 70 years, and is lower for women older than 70 years. The gap in female participation was more pronounced among individuals with high education, low social deprivation, and no depressive symptoms. Compared with the general population, the screened population had significantly lower standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) among both men and women, for all age ranges. Screened women aged 18-49 years showed a lower mortality gain compared with men of the same age; SMRs did not differ significantly by sex for individuals over 50 years. Interpretation: In this community-based sample, compared with men, women's participation to annual preventive care services was lower, and screened women had a lower mortality gain. Despite the demonstrated benefit of annual check-ups on health, there is a gender gap in adherence to preventive programs and in efficiency of screening programs, especially in the young age range. This gap in cardiovascular disease prevention may result in poorer cardiovascular health in women. Urgent adaptations to overcome this gender gap in preventive screening in France are warranted. Funding: Bamba Gaye is supported by the Fondation Recherche Médicale grant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101469
StatePublished - Jul 2022


  • Cardiovascular screening
  • Gender gap
  • Mortality
  • Preventive medicine
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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