Gender Differences and Clustering of Modifiable Risk Factors of Non-communicable Diseases Among Medical Students: A Cross Sectional Study in Nepal

Aditya Shakya, Shiva Raj Mishra, Smith Giri, Kumar Paudel, Dinesh Neupane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The objective of the study was to explore gender differences in the risk factors of non-communicable diseases among medical students in Nepal. We randomly selected two private and one government medical college located in Kathmandu Valley. All the third year medical students (n = 191) from these selected colleges were requested to participate in an anonymous cross sectional survey. We gathered information about different risk factors for non-communicable diseases including smoking and drinking habits, physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption. We identified significant gender differences in the clustering of modifiable risk factors among our study population (p value = 0.032). Logistic regression model showed that male and female medical students were significantly different in terms of smoking status [aOR = 4.12, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.57; 10.85] and high level of physical activity (aOR = 4.50, 95 % CI 1.80; 11.21). Male medical students should be targeted in future behavioral interventions for smoking cessation, while physical activity among female medical students needs to be promoted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-152
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Community Health
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cross sectional studies
  • Medical students
  • Nepal
  • Physical activity
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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