Purpose: The sensitivity of lung cancer to gefitinib has been found to be associated with mutations at the tyrosine kinase domain of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), yet similar observations are not available in other solid tumors. We recently identified mutations in the EGFR kinase domain in primary esophageal carcinoma. The purpose of this study was to investigate if they are gefitinib-sensitizing EGFR mutations. Experimental design: We identified a missense mutation in the EGFR kinase domain, EGRFS7681, in the esophageal cancer cell line Kyse450. The senstivity of this cell line to gefitinib was compared to an esophageal cancer cell line with wildtype EGFR, TE8, and to a lung cancer cell line, H358, known to be resistent to gefitinib. The effect of EGFRS7681 mutation on cell growth and apoptosis was assessed. Results: As demonstrated by in vitro proliferation assay, this mutation sensitized Kyse450 cells to gefitinib. The observation of down regulation of the phosphorylated pAKT indicated gefitinib induced Kyse450 cells apoptosis via inhibition of EGFR activity Conclusions: While more primary esophageal tumors remain to be screened for the mutations at the tyrosine kinase domain of EGFR, current observation implies that gefitinib may be worth further investigation for treatment of esophageal cancers.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Cancer Biology and Therapy|
|State||Published - Feb 2006|
- Esophageal cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research