Gata6 potently initiates reprograming of pluripotent and differentiated cells to extraembryonic endoderm stem cells

Sissy E. Wamaitha, Ignacio del Valle, Lily T.Y. Cho, Yingying Wei, Norah M.E. Fogarty, Paul Blakeley, Richard I. Sherwood, Hongkai Ji, Kathy K. Niakan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Transcription factor-mediated reprograming is a powerful method to study cell fate changes. In this study, we demonstrate that the transcription factor Gata6 can initiate reprograming of multiple cell types to induced extraembryonic endoderm stem (iXEN) cells. Intriguingly, Gata6 is sufficient to drive iXEN cells frommouse pluripotent cells and differentiated neural cells. Furthermore, GATA6 induction in human embryonic stem (hES) cells also down-regulates pluripotency gene expression and up-regulates extraembryonic endoderm (ExEn) genes, revealing a conserved function in mediating this cell fate switch. Profiling transcriptional changes following Gata6 induction in mES cells reveals step-wise pluripotency factor disengagement, with initial repression of Nanog and Esrrb, then Sox2, and finally Oct4, alongside step-wise activation of ExEn genes. Chromatin immunoprecipitation and subsequent high-throughput sequencing analysis shows Gata6 enrichment near pluripotency and endoderm genes, suggesting that Gata6 functions as both a direct repressor and activator. Together, this demonstrates that Gata6 is a versatile and potent reprograming factor that can act alone to drive a cell fate switch from diverse cell types.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1239-1255
Number of pages17
JournalGenes and Development
Volume29
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2015

Keywords

  • Extraembryonic endoderm
  • Gata6
  • Human embryonic stem cells
  • Mouse embryonic stem cells
  • Pluripotency
  • Reprograming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Developmental Biology

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