Gastrostomy tube placement and use in patients with head and neck cancer

Julie L. Locher, James A. Bonner, William R. Carroll, Jimmy J. Caudell, Meredith L. Kilgore, Christine S. Ritchie, David L Roth, Gabriel S. Tajeu, Ya Yuan, Jeroan J. Allison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Enteral nutritional support is used in care for patients with head and neck cancer. This study describes the frequency and timing of gastrostomy tube placement and corresponding Medicare nutritional support claims in patients with head and neck cancer. Methods Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare data for patients with head and neck cancer diagnosed from 2000 to 2005 were used in this descriptive study (N = 16,458). Results In all, 35.1% of patients undergoing treatment had gastrostomy tubes placed; 16.9% had tubes placed before treatment, whereas 83.1% had them placed after treatment. Of those having tubes placed prior to treatment 23.7% had Medicare claims for nutritional support before treatment and 40.9% had claims after treatment began. A total of 35.4% of patients who had tubes placed before treatment and 35.5% who had tubes placed after treatment had no claims for nutritional support. Conclusions Future work is warranted to identify predictors and outcomes associated with provision and timing of enteral nutrition support for patients with head and neck cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)422-428
Number of pages7
JournalHead and Neck
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Gastrostomy
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Nutritional Support
Medicare
Therapeutics
Enteral Nutrition
Small Intestine
Patient Care
Epidemiology

Keywords

  • gastrostomy tube
  • head and neck cancer
  • nutritional support
  • percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube
  • prophylactic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Locher, J. L., Bonner, J. A., Carroll, W. R., Caudell, J. J., Kilgore, M. L., Ritchie, C. S., ... Allison, J. J. (2012). Gastrostomy tube placement and use in patients with head and neck cancer. Head and Neck, 34(3), 422-428. https://doi.org/10.1002/hed.21753

Gastrostomy tube placement and use in patients with head and neck cancer. / Locher, Julie L.; Bonner, James A.; Carroll, William R.; Caudell, Jimmy J.; Kilgore, Meredith L.; Ritchie, Christine S.; Roth, David L; Tajeu, Gabriel S.; Yuan, Ya; Allison, Jeroan J.

In: Head and Neck, Vol. 34, No. 3, 03.2012, p. 422-428.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Locher, JL, Bonner, JA, Carroll, WR, Caudell, JJ, Kilgore, ML, Ritchie, CS, Roth, DL, Tajeu, GS, Yuan, Y & Allison, JJ 2012, 'Gastrostomy tube placement and use in patients with head and neck cancer', Head and Neck, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 422-428. https://doi.org/10.1002/hed.21753
Locher JL, Bonner JA, Carroll WR, Caudell JJ, Kilgore ML, Ritchie CS et al. Gastrostomy tube placement and use in patients with head and neck cancer. Head and Neck. 2012 Mar;34(3):422-428. https://doi.org/10.1002/hed.21753
Locher, Julie L. ; Bonner, James A. ; Carroll, William R. ; Caudell, Jimmy J. ; Kilgore, Meredith L. ; Ritchie, Christine S. ; Roth, David L ; Tajeu, Gabriel S. ; Yuan, Ya ; Allison, Jeroan J. / Gastrostomy tube placement and use in patients with head and neck cancer. In: Head and Neck. 2012 ; Vol. 34, No. 3. pp. 422-428.
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