Gastroparesis. definitions and diagnosis

Pankaj Jay Pasricha, Henry P. Parkman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Gastroparesis is a chronic symptomatic disorder of the stomach characterized by delayed emptying without evidence of mechanical obstruction. Symptoms of gastroparesis include nausea, vomiting, early satiety, postprandial fullness, and upper abdominal pain. The 3 main causes are diabetic, postsurgical, and idiopathic. Diagnosis is confirmed by demonstrating delayed gastric emptying. Gastric emptying rates measured by gastric motor testing generally correlate poorly with symptoms and quality of life in patients with gastroparesis. It may be appropriate to reconsider the definition of gastroparesis, recognizing it as a broader spectrum of gastric neuromuscular dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalGastroenterology Clinics of North America
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Gastric emptying
  • Gastroparesis
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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