Gastric Slow Wave Abnormalities in Patients with Gastroparesis

Jiande Chen, Richard W. McCallum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine whether cutaneous electrogastrograms (EGGs) could be used to differentiate gastroparetic patients from asymptomatic healthy controls. Pre and postprandial cutaneous EGGs were obtained from 24 asymptomatic healthy volunteers and 27 patients with gastroparesis documented by a delayed gastric emptying of a solid test meal. A definition of slow wave abnormality was introduced. For the fasted condition, all 24 controls showed highly regular, predominant peaks in the 2–4 cycles/ min (cpm) range, in contrast to the patient group in which 11 subjects showed an absence of normal slow wave activity (p <0.001). For the postprandial condition, again, all 24 controls showed slow wave normality consisting of increased amplitude and regularity of the 2–4 cpm frequency component. This was in sharp contrast to the patient group in which 13 subjects showed abnormalities (p <0.0001). Approximately 75% of the patients had an abnormal pre‐ or postprandial EGG: four patients had abnormal EGGs both during fasting and after eating, seven patients had abnormal EGGs during fasting but normal EGGs after eating, and nine patients had normal EGGs during fasting but abnormal EGGs after eating. We conclude that the cutaneous EGG may he used to differentiate gastroparetic patients from asymptomatic normals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)477-482
Number of pages6
JournalThe American Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume87
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Gastric Slow Wave Abnormalities in Patients with Gastroparesis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this