Gastric Function in Children with Cystic Fibrosis: Effect of Diet on Gastric Lipase Levels and Fat Digestion

Martine Armand, Margit Hamosh, Jessica R. Philpott, Amy Kovar Resnik, Beryl J. Rosenstein, Ada Hamosh, Jay A. Perman, Paul Hamosh

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Abstract

The effect of diet, usual (44 ± 4% energy as fat), high-fat (49 ± 4% energy as fat), and moderate-fat (33 ± 2% energy as fat), on gastric function (lipase and pepsin activities, pH, emptying rate) and intragastric digestion of fat were assessed in six children with cystic fibrosis. Fasting and postprandial activity of digestive enzymes, gastric pH, and gastric volume measured before, during, and after 120 min of feeding did not differ significantly as a function of fat intake. Postprandial gastric lipase output (units per kilogram of body weight) during usual, moderate-fat, and high-fat diets was close to or higher than (38.8 ± 7.2, 44.9 ± 8.6, and 54.8 ± 5.5 U/kg per 20 min) gastric lipase output of premature infants (22.5 ± 6.4 to 28.3 ± 6.6 U/kg per 20 min) or of healthy adults (5.4 ± 0.4 U/kg per 15 min) fed a high-fat diet. Postprandial pepsin output was higher (4749 ± 797, 6117 ± 925, and 5444 ± 819 U/kg per 20 min) than in premature infants (597 ± 77 to 743 ± 97 U/kg per 20 min) or healthy adults (781 ± 56 U/kg per 15 min). Eighty minutes after feeding gastric lipolysis reached 20 to 36%. This study shows that gastric lipase activity is high in cystic fibrosis patients maintained on diets providing 32% to 49% energy as fat, and that gastric lipase level did not increase over the ranges of dietary fat intake tested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)457-465
Number of pages9
JournalPediatric research
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2004

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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