Gastric electrical stimulation on gastric motility in dogs

Geng Qing Song, Jiande D.Z. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims: The aim of this study was to systematically evaluate and compare the effects of synchronized dual-pulse gastric electrical stimulation (SDPS) and conventional gastric electrical stimulation (CGES) on antral contractions, gastric tone, and autonomic functions. Methods: Seven female hound dogs implanted with four pairs of electrodes on gastric serosa were studied in two separate experiments. The first experiment was designed to investigate the effects of SDPS/CGES on gastric tone and heart rate variations. The second experiment was performed to study the effects of SDPS/CGES on antral contractions. Results: 1) SDPS induced gastric antral contractions in the fasting state, whereas CGES at the intrinsic or a tachygastrial frequency had no effects on fasting antral contractions. 2) SDPS enhanced postprandial antral contractions impaired by glucagon; however, CGES at a tachygastrial frequency inhibited postprandial antral contractions. In addition, CGES at the intrinsic frequency of the stomach had no effects on postprandial antral contractions. 3) SDPS or CGES at the intrinsic frequency of the stomach had no effects on gastric tone, but CGES at a tachygastrial frequency reduced gastric tone. 4) SDPS excited vagal activity, but CGES at a tachygastrial frequency inhibited vagal activity. Conclusions: SDPS improves antral contractions but does not affect gastric tone and thus may have potential for treating gastric motility disorders. CGES at a tachygastrial frequency inhibits gastric tone and contractions and may be applicable for treating obesity. The excitatory or inhibitory effects of SDPS/CGES on gastric motility may be mediated via vagal pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-277
Number of pages7
JournalNeuromodulation
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Antral contractions
  • gastric electrical stimulation
  • gastric tone
  • gastrointestinal motility
  • vagal activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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