Gastric electrical stimulation in patients with gastroparesis

Jian Dz Chen, Zhiyue Lin, Richard W. Mccallum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

As in the heart, there is a pacemaker in the human stomach and it generates myoelectrical activity with a frequency of approximately three cycles per minute. Abnormalities in gastric myoelectrical activity may result in gastric motility disorders, such as gastroparesis. Electrical stimulation of the stomach is achieved by delivering electrical currents via electrodes attached to the smooth muscle of the stomach. Recently, a number of studies on electrical stimulation of the stomach in both humans and dogs have indicated that gastric electrical stimulation with appropriate parameters is able to entrain gastric slow waves and normalize gastric dysrhythmias. This has led some investigators to use gastric electrical stimulation to treat patients with gastroparesis. Previous studies and the current state of the field in gastric electrical stimulation in treatment of gastroparesis will be discussed and summarized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S232-S236
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Volume13
Issue numberSUPPL.1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Electrical stimulation
  • Gastric emptying
  • Gastric pacing
  • Gastrointestinal motility
  • Gastroparesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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