Garlic (Allium sativum L.) modulates cytokine expression in lipopolysaccharide-activated human blood thereby inhibiting NF-κB activity

Hans Peter Keiss, Verena M. Dirsch, Thomas Hartung, Thomas Haffner, Laurence Trueman, Jacques Auger, Rémi Kahane, Angelika M. Vollmar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Garlic is proposed to have immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory properties. This paper shows that garlic powder extracts (GPE) and single garlic metabolites modulate lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cytokine levels in human whole blood. GPE-altered cytokine levels in human blood sample supernatants reduced nuclear factor (NF)-κB activity in human cells exposed to these samples. Pretreatment with GPE (100 mg/L) reduced LPS-induced production of proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β from 15.7 ± 5.1 to 6.2 ± 1.2 μg/L and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α from 8.8 ± 2.4 to 3.9 ± 0.8 μg/L, respectively, whereas the expression of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 was unchanged. The garlic metabolite diallydisulfide (1-100 μmol/L) also significantly reduced IL-1β and TNF-α. Interestingly, exposure of human embryonic kidney cell line (HEK293) cells to GPE-treated blood sample supernatants (10 or 100 mg/L) reduced NF-κB activity compared with cells exposed to untreated blood supernatants as measured by a NF-κB-driven luciferase reporter gene assay. Blood samples treated with extract obtained from unfertilized garlic (100 mg/L) reduced NF-κB activity by 25%, whereas blood samples treated with sulfur-fertilized garlic extracts (100 mg/L) lowered NF-κB activity by 41%. In summary, garlic may indeed promote an anti-inflammatory environment by cytokine modulation in human blood that leads to an overall inhibition of NF-κB activity in the surrounding tissue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2171-2175
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume133
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003

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Keywords

  • Cytokines
  • Garlic
  • Nuclear factor-κB

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Keiss, H. P., Dirsch, V. M., Hartung, T., Haffner, T., Trueman, L., Auger, J., Kahane, R., & Vollmar, A. M. (2003). Garlic (Allium sativum L.) modulates cytokine expression in lipopolysaccharide-activated human blood thereby inhibiting NF-κB activity. Journal of Nutrition, 133(7), 2171-2175.