Gait, Balance and Falls

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Close to one-third of Americans aged 65 years and older living at home and more than half of residents living at nursing homes suffer a fall each year. Similar to many other conditions in the geriatric population, factors that can contribute to falls are multiple, and, very often, more than one of these factors play an important role. Understanding the pathophysiology behind the multiple conditions that predispose to falls is useful for accurately assessing and managing elder fallers. Gait and balance abnormalities influence the ability of individuals to react to environmental and/or organic causes of falls. Questioning patients about falls and observing their gait are important tools for assessment. Depending on the patient's setting different interventions may help reduce fall rate and injury. Specifically, exercise has been proven to be useful in decreasing falls. This chapter summarizes the evidence on clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for instability and falls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPathy's Principles and Practice of Geriatric Medicine
Subtitle of host publicationFifth Edition
PublisherJohn Wiley and Sons
Number of pages20
ISBN (Print)9780470683934
StatePublished - Mar 12 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Balance
  • Dizziness
  • Drop attack
  • Drugs
  • Exercise
  • Falls
  • Gait
  • Home hazards
  • Instability
  • Syncope

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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