Gain of Toxicity from ALS/FTD-Linked Repeat Expansions in C9ORF72 Is Alleviated by Antisense Oligonucleotides Targeting GGGGCC-Containing RNAs

Jie Jiang, Qiang Zhu, Tania F. Gendron, Shahram Saberi, Melissa McAlonis-Downes, Amanda Seelman, Jennifer E. Stauffer, Paymaan Jafar-nejad, Kevin Drenner, Derek Schulte, Seung Chun, Shuying Sun, Shuo Chien Ling, Brian Myers, Jeffery Engelhardt, Melanie Katz, Michael Baughn, Oleksandr Platoshyn, Martin Marsala, Andy WattCharles J. Heyser, M. Colin Ard, Louis De Muynck, Lillian M. Daughrity, Deborah A. Swing, Lino Tessarollo, Chris J. Jung, Arnaud Delpoux, Daniel T. Utzschneider, Stephen M. Hedrick, Pieter J. de Jong, Dieter Edbauer, Philip Van Damme, Leonard Petrucelli, Christopher E. Shaw, C. Frank Bennett, Sandrine Da Cruz, John Ravits, Frank Rigo, Don W. Cleveland, Clotilde Lagier-Tourenne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hexanucleotide expansions in C9ORF72 are the most frequent genetic cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia. Disease mechanisms were evaluated in mice expressing C9ORF72 RNAs with up to 450 GGGGCC repeats or with one or both C9orf72 alleles inactivated. Chronic 50% reduction of C9ORF72 did not provoke disease, while its absence produced splenomegaly, enlarged lymph nodes, and mild social interaction deficits, but not motor dysfunction. Hexanucleotide expansions caused age-, repeat-length-, and expression-level-dependent accumulation of RNA foci and dipeptide-repeat proteins synthesized by AUG-independent translation, accompanied by loss of hippocampal neurons, increased anxiety, and impaired cognitive function. Single-dose injection of antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) that target repeat-containing RNAs but preserve levels of mRNAs encoding C9ORF72 produced sustained reductions in RNA foci and dipeptide-repeat proteins, and ameliorated behavioral deficits. These efforts identify gain of toxicity as a central disease mechanism caused by repeat-expanded C9ORF72 and establish the feasibility of ASO-mediated therapy. Hexanucleotide expansions in C9ORF72 are the most frequent genetic cause of ALS and FTD. Jiang et al. establish gain of toxicity from repeat-containing RNA, and not loss of C9ORF72 function, as a central disease mechanism and establish the feasibility of ASO-mediated therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)535-550
Number of pages16
JournalNeuron
Volume90
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 4 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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    Jiang, J., Zhu, Q., Gendron, T. F., Saberi, S., McAlonis-Downes, M., Seelman, A., Stauffer, J. E., Jafar-nejad, P., Drenner, K., Schulte, D., Chun, S., Sun, S., Ling, S. C., Myers, B., Engelhardt, J., Katz, M., Baughn, M., Platoshyn, O., Marsala, M., ... Lagier-Tourenne, C. (2016). Gain of Toxicity from ALS/FTD-Linked Repeat Expansions in C9ORF72 Is Alleviated by Antisense Oligonucleotides Targeting GGGGCC-Containing RNAs. Neuron, 90(3), 535-550. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2016.04.006