Fyn kinase mediates pro-inflammatory response in a mouse model of endotoxemia: Relevance to translational research

Hariharan Saminathan, Adhithiya Charli, Jie Luo, Nikhil Panicker, Richard Gordon, Jesse M. Hostetter, Huajun Jin, Vellareddy Anantharam, Anumantha G. Kanthasamy, Arthi Kanthasamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Systemic inflammation resulting from the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and the chronic activation of the innate immune system remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. After having demonstrated that Fyn, a Src family kinase, regulates microglial neuroinflammatory responses in cell culture and animal models of Parkinson's disease, we investigate here its role in modulating systemic inflammation using an endotoxic mouse model. Fyn knockout (KO) and their wild-type (WT) littermate mice were injected once intraperitoneally with either saline or 5 mg/kg lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and were killed 48 h later. LPS-induced mortality, endotoxic symptoms and hypothermia were significantly attenuated in Fyn KO, but not WT, mice. LPS reduced survival in Fyn WT mice to 49% compared to 84% in Fyn KO mice. Fyn KO mice were also protected from LPS-induced deficits in horizontal and vertical locomotor activities, total distance traveled and stereotypic movements. Surface body temperatures recorded at 24 h and 48 h post-LPS dropped significantly in Fyn WT, but not in KO, mice. Importantly, endotoxemia-associated changes to levels of the serum pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), splenocyte apoptosis and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) production in hepatocytes were also significantly attenuated in Fyn KO mice. Likewise, pharmacologically inhibiting Fyn with 10 mg/kg dasatinib (oral) significantly attenuated LPS-induced increases in plasma TNF-α and IL-6 protein levels and hepatic pro-IL-1β messenger ribonucleic acids (mRNAs). Collectively, these results indicate that genetic knockdown or pharmacological inhibition of Fyn dampens systemic inflammation, demonstrating for the first time that Fyn kinase plays a critical role in mediating the endotoxic inflammatory response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number173259
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume881
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Cytokines
  • Endotoxemia
  • LPS
  • Locomotor deficits
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Sepsis
  • Systemic inflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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