Further in vitro exploration fails to support the allosteric three-site model

Alexandros D. Petropoulos, Rachel Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Ongoing debate in the ribosome field has focused on the role of bound E-site tRNA and the Shine-Dalgarno-anti-Shine-Dalgarno (SD-aSD) interaction on A-site tRNA interactions and the fidelity of tRNA selection. Here we use an in vitro reconstituted Escherichia coli translation system to explore the reported effects of E-site-bound tRNA and SD-aSD interactions on tRNA selection events and find no evidence for allosteric coupling. A large set of experiments exploring the role of the E-site tRNA in miscoding failed to recapitulate the observations of earlier studies (Di Giacco, V., Márquez, V., Qin, Y., Pech, M., Triana-Alonso, F. J., Wilson, D. N., and Nierhaus, K. H. (2008) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105, 10715-10720 and Geigenmüller, U., and Nierhaus, K. H. (1990) EMBO J. 9, 4527-4533); the frequency of miscoding was unaffected by the presence of E-site-bound cognate tRNA. Moreover, our data provide clear evidence that the reported effects of the SD-aSD interaction on fidelity can be attributed to the binding of ribosomes to an unanticipated site on the mRNA (in the absence of the SD sequence) that provides a cognate pairing codon leading naturally to incorporation of the purported "noncognate" amino acid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11642-11648
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume287
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 6 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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