Further analysis of the relationship between self-injury and self-restraint

Wayne W. Fisher, Nancy C. Grace, Clodagh Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

It has been suggested that self-restraint, a phenomenon often correlated with self-injurious behavior (SIB), may be maintained by negative reinforcement in the form of escape from the aversive properties of SIB (e.g., pain). We examined the effects of blocking SIB (and presumably removing any aversive effects) on the self-restraint of a 19-year-old male with severe mental retardation. Consistent with the negative reinforcement hypothesis, blocking SIB resulted in near-zero levels of SIB and moderate reductions in self-restraint.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-106
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

Keywords

  • Negative reinforcement
  • Self-injurious behavior
  • Self-restraint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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