Further analysis of the relationship between self-injury and self-restraint

Wayne W. Fisher, Nancy C. Grace, Clodagh Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

It has been suggested that self-restraint, a phenomenon often correlated with self-injurious behavior (SIB), may be maintained by negative reinforcement in the form of escape from the aversive properties of SIB (e.g., pain). We examined the effects of blocking SIB (and presumably removing any aversive effects) on the self-restraint of a 19-year-old male with severe mental retardation. Consistent with the negative reinforcement hypothesis, blocking SIB resulted in near-zero levels of SIB and moderate reductions in self-restraint.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-106
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Volume29
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1996

Fingerprint

Self-Injurious Behavior
Wounds and Injuries
behavior
Restraint
Reinforcement (Psychology)
reinforcement
effect
Reinforcement
Intellectual Disability
Pain
pain
hypothesis
analysis
Self-injury
Mental retardation

Keywords

  • Negative reinforcement
  • Self-injurious behavior
  • Self-restraint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Further analysis of the relationship between self-injury and self-restraint. / Fisher, Wayne W.; Grace, Nancy C.; Murphy, Clodagh.

In: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, Vol. 29, No. 1, 03.1996, p. 103-106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fisher, Wayne W.; Grace, Nancy C.; Murphy, Clodagh / Further analysis of the relationship between self-injury and self-restraint.

In: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, Vol. 29, No. 1, 03.1996, p. 103-106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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