Further analysis of subtypes of automatically reinforced SIB: A replication and quantitative analysis of published datasets

Louis P Hagopian, Griffin W. Rooker, Jennifer R. Zarcone, Andrew C. Bonner, Alexander R. Arevalo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hagopian, Rooker, and Zarcone (2015) evaluated a model for subtyping automatically reinforced self-injurious behavior (SIB) based on its sensitivity to changes in functional analysis conditions and the presence of self-restraint. The current study tested the generality of the model by applying it to all datasets of automatically reinforced SIB published from 1982 to 2015. We identified 49 datasets that included sufficient data to permit subtyping. Similar to the original study, Subtype-1 SIB was generally amenable to treatment using reinforcement alone, whereas Subtype-2 SIB was not. Conclusions could not be drawn about Subtype-3 SIB due to the small number of datasets. Nevertheless, the findings support the generality of the model and suggest that sensitivity of SIB to disruption by alternative reinforcement is an important dimension of automatically reinforced SIB. Findings also suggest that automatically reinforced SIB should no longer be considered a single category and that additional research is needed to better understand and treat Subtype-2 SIB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-66
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Volume50
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Keywords

  • automatic reinforcement
  • functional analysis
  • self-injurious behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Philosophy
  • Sociology and Political Science

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