Fungal infections account for 8% to 15% of bloodstream infections in surgical patients. Risk factors for fungal infections include critical illness, gastrointestinal surgery, acute renal failure, and the presence of a triple lumen central venous catheter. Fungal infections can be prevented by the use of enteral fluconazole in high-risk critically-ill patients. Fluconazole and Amphotericin-B are useful in surgical patients with fungal infections.
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