Fundus autofluorescence imaging of the white dot syndromes

Steven Yeh, Farzin Forooghian, Wai T. Wong, Lisa J. Faia, Catherine Cukras, Julie C. Lew, Keith Wroblewski, Eric D. Weichel, Catherine B. Meyerle, Hatice Nida Sen, Emily Y. Chew, Robert B. Nussenblatt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To characterize the fundus autofluorescence (FAF) findings in patients with white dot syndromes (WDSs). Methods: Patients with WDSs underwent ophthalmic examination, fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, and FAF imaging. Patients were categorized as having no, minimal, or predominant foveal hypoautofluorescence. The severity of visual impairment was then correlated with the degree of foveal hypoautofluorescence. Results: Fifty-five eyes of 28 patients with WDSs were evaluated. Visual acuities ranged from 20/12.5 to hand motions. Diagnoses included serpiginous choroidopathy (5 patients), birdshot retinochoroidopathy (10), multifocal choroiditis (8), relentless placoid chorioretinitis (1), presumed tuberculosis-associated serpiginouslike choroidopathy (1), acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (1), and acute zonal occult outer retinopathy (2). In active serpiginous choroidopathy, notable hyperautofluorescence in active disease distinguished it from the variegated FAF features of tuberculosisassociated serpiginouslike choroidopathy. The percentage of patients with visual acuity impairment of less than 20/40 differed among eyes with no, minimal, and predominant foveal hypoautofluorescence (P<.001). Patients with predominant foveal hypoautofluorescence demonstrated worse visual acuity than those with minimal or no foveal hypoautofluorescence (both P<.001). Conclusions: Fundus autofluorescence imaging is useful in the evaluation of the WDS. Visual acuity impairment is correlated with foveal hypoautofluorescence. Further studies are needed to evaluate the precise role of FAF imaging in the WDSs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)46-56
Number of pages11
JournalArchives of ophthalmology
Volume128
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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