INTRODUCTION: Patterns and predictors of recovery from encephalitis are poorly understood. METHODS: This study examined functional status and reviewed charts of all children who presented to a pediatric inpatient rehabilitation facility with encephalitis between 1996 and 2010. Functional status at admission and discharge from inpatient rehabilitation was evaluated using the Functional Independence Measure for Children (WeeFIM) Self-care, Mobility, Cognitive, and Total Developmental Functional Quotient scores (DFQ, % of age-appropriate function). Charts were reviewed to characterize key clinical features and findings. RESULTS: Of the 13 children identified, the mean age was 9 years (range 5-16) with 54% males. Mean WeeFIM Total DFQ at admission was 37 (range: 15-90) and at discharge was 64 (range: 16-96). Average change in WeeFIM Total DFQ from admission to discharge was 26.7 (range 0-55, p < 0.001). WeeFIM domain scores improved between admission and discharge (Self-Care: p < 0.001, Cognition: p < 0.01, Mobility: p < 0.001). Eleven children displayed significant impairments in functional skills, defined as DFQ of ≤ 85, at discharge. Key clinical features and findings were diverse and not related to functional outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that significant functional improvement in children with encephalitis occurs during inpatient rehabilitation. Further research is necessary to identify predictors of outcome in children with encephalitis.
- Children and adolescents
- Functional independence measure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation