Functional similarity between electrograms recorded from an implantable cardioverter defibrillator emulator and the surface electrocardiogram

Alexander Mazur, L. I. Wang, Mark E. Anderson, Y. E.E. Raymond, Heinz Theres, A. N.N. Pearson, Walter Olson, Mark Wathen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Clinical use of stored electrogram (EGM) configurations currently used in ICDs is limited. The hypothesis that EGMs recorded from electrodes on the ICD surface may improve diagnostic capabilities of the device was tested in the present study. The Buttons on Active Can Emulator (BACE), an ICD-sized device containing four button electrodes, was temporarily placed into a subcutaneous or submuscular left pectoral pocket in 16 patients during ICD implantation. Simultaneous recordings were obtained from the ECG lead II, bipolar EGMs using BACE electrodes, and a bipolar atrial EGM during sinus rhythm (SR), ventricular pacing (VP) at cycle lengths of 500 and 400 ms, and VT. Visible P waves were present in all patients during SR (n = 15), in 5 (33%) of 15 patients during VP, and none of the patients during VT (n = 4) using BACE EGMs and lead II. P and QRS amplitudes and the P:QRS ratio during SR in BACE EGMs were significantly lower than those in lead II. BACE EGMs showed prominent changes in QRS morphology and duration during VP and VT compared to SR, and the magnitude of QRS prolongation during VP was similar to that in lead II. Measurements of PR, QRS, and QT duration during SR showed good agreement between BACE EGMs and lead II. In conclusion, EGMs recorded from electrodes embedded on the ICD housing may potentially improve visual discrimination between supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias. They also may be useful as a surrogate of the ECG for analysis and monitoring of different components of P-QRS-T complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-40
Number of pages7
JournalPACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • ECG
  • Implantable cardioverter defibrillator
  • Stored electrograms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Functional similarity between electrograms recorded from an implantable cardioverter defibrillator emulator and the surface electrocardiogram'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this