Functional recovery after moderate/severe traumatic brain injury: A role for cognitive reserve?

Eric B. Schneider, Sandeepa Sur, Vanessa Raymont, Josh Duckworth, Robert G. Kowalski, David Thomas Efron, Xuan Hui, Shalini Selvarajah, Hali L. Hambridge, Robert David Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the hypothesis that educational attainment, a marker of cognitive reserve, is a predictor of disability-free recovery (DFR) after moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods: Retrospective study of the TBI Model Systems Database, a prospective multicenter cohort funded by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research. Patients were included if they were admitted for rehabilitation after moderate to severe TBI, were aged 23 years or older, and had at least 1 year of follow-up. The main outcome measure was DFR 1 year post-injury, defined as a Disability Rating Scale score of zero. Results: Of 769 patients included, 214 (27.8%) achieved DFR at 1 year. In total, 185 patients (24.1%) had

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1636-1642
Number of pages7
JournalNeurology
Volume82
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - May 6 2014

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Cognitive Reserve
Rehabilitation
Retrospective Studies
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Databases
Wounds and Injuries
Traumatic Brain Injury
Recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Functional recovery after moderate/severe traumatic brain injury : A role for cognitive reserve? / Schneider, Eric B.; Sur, Sandeepa; Raymont, Vanessa; Duckworth, Josh; Kowalski, Robert G.; Efron, David Thomas; Hui, Xuan; Selvarajah, Shalini; Hambridge, Hali L.; Stevens, Robert David.

In: Neurology, Vol. 82, No. 18, 06.05.2014, p. 1636-1642.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schneider, EB, Sur, S, Raymont, V, Duckworth, J, Kowalski, RG, Efron, DT, Hui, X, Selvarajah, S, Hambridge, HL & Stevens, RD 2014, 'Functional recovery after moderate/severe traumatic brain injury: A role for cognitive reserve?', Neurology, vol. 82, no. 18, pp. 1636-1642. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000000379
Schneider, Eric B. ; Sur, Sandeepa ; Raymont, Vanessa ; Duckworth, Josh ; Kowalski, Robert G. ; Efron, David Thomas ; Hui, Xuan ; Selvarajah, Shalini ; Hambridge, Hali L. ; Stevens, Robert David. / Functional recovery after moderate/severe traumatic brain injury : A role for cognitive reserve?. In: Neurology. 2014 ; Vol. 82, No. 18. pp. 1636-1642.
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