Functional reconstitution of human FcRn in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells requires co-expressed human β2-microglobulin

Steven M. Claypool, Bonny L. Dickinson, Masaru Yoshida, Wayne I. Lencer, Richard S. Blumberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Scopus citations


The major histocompatibility complex class I-related neonatal Fc receptor, FcRn, assembles as a heterodimer consisting of a heavy chain and β2-microglobulin (β2m), which is essential for FcRn function. We observed that, in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells, the function of human FcRn in mediating the bidirectional transport of IgG was significantly increased upon coexpression of the human isoform of β2m. In MDCK cells, the presence of human β2m endowed upon human FcRn an enhanced ability to exit the endoplasmic reticulum and acquire mature carbohydrate side-chain modifications at steady state, a faster kinetics of maturation, and augmented localization at the cell surface as a mature glycoprotein able to bind IgG. Although human FcRn with immature carbohydrate side-chain modifications was capable of exhibiting pH-dependent binding of IgG, only human FcRn with mature carbohydrate side-chain modifications was detected on the cell surface. These results show that human FcRn travels to the cell surface via the normal secretory pathway and that the appropriate expression and function of human FcRn in MDCK cells depends upon the co-expression of human β2m.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28038-28050
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number31
StatePublished - Aug 2 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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