Functional neovascularization of biodegradable dextran hydrogels with multiple angiogenic growth factors

Guoming Sun, Yu I. Shen, Sravanti Kusuma, Karen Fox-Talbot, Charles Jr Steenbergen, Sharon Gerecht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Slow vascularization of functional blood limits the transplantation of tissue constructs and the recovery of ischemic and wounded tissues. Despite the widespread investigation of polysaccharide-based hydrogel scaffolds for their therapeutic applications, blood vessel ingrowth into these hydrogel scaffolds remains a challenge. We hypothesized that modifying the properties of biodegradable hydrogel scaffolds with immobilization of multiple angiogenic growth factors (GFs) would induce a rapid proliferation of functional vasculature into the scaffolds. To this end, we remodeled the hydrogel structure by decreasing crosslinking density via reduced degree of substitution of crosslinking groups, which resulted in improved hydrogel properties including reduced rigidity, increased swelling, increased vascular endothelial GF (VEGF) release capability, and facilitated rapid hydrogel disintegration and tissue ingrowth. Immobilizing VEGF in the scaffolds promoted tissue ingrowth and expedited biodegradation. Furthermore, a synergistic effect of multiple angiogenic GFs was established; the coimmobilization of VEGF+ angiopoietin-1, and VEGF+ insulin-like GF+ stromal cell-derived factor-1 induced more and larger blood vessels than any individual GF, while the combination of all GFs dramatically increased the size and number of newly formed functional vessels. Altogether, our data demonstrate that rapid, efficient, and functional neovascularization can be achieved by precisely manipulating hydrogel scaffold properties and immobilizing defined angiogenic GFs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-106
Number of pages12
JournalBiomaterials
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

Fingerprint

Hydrogels
Dextran
Angiogenesis Inducing Agents
Hydrogel
Dextrans
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Scaffolds
Blood Vessels
Blood vessels
Tissue
Crosslinking
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors
Angiopoietin-1
Tissue Scaffolds
Chemokine CXCL12
Tissue Transplantation
Disintegration
Insulin
Somatomedins
Polysaccharides

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Dextran
  • Growth factor
  • Scaffold
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Biophysics

Cite this

Functional neovascularization of biodegradable dextran hydrogels with multiple angiogenic growth factors. / Sun, Guoming; Shen, Yu I.; Kusuma, Sravanti; Fox-Talbot, Karen; Steenbergen, Charles Jr; Gerecht, Sharon.

In: Biomaterials, Vol. 32, No. 1, 01.2011, p. 95-106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sun, Guoming ; Shen, Yu I. ; Kusuma, Sravanti ; Fox-Talbot, Karen ; Steenbergen, Charles Jr ; Gerecht, Sharon. / Functional neovascularization of biodegradable dextran hydrogels with multiple angiogenic growth factors. In: Biomaterials. 2011 ; Vol. 32, No. 1. pp. 95-106.
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