Purpose: To determine the diagnostic performance of functional magnetic resonance cholangiography (fMRC) for the evaluation of anatomic and functional biliary disorders. Materials and Methods: At 1.5 T, 39 MR examinations with conventional MRC and mangafodipir trisodium-enhanced fMRC were retrospectively reviewed by three observers who recorded anatomic (duct dilation, stricture, filling defects) and functional (cholecystitis, obstruction) abnormalities in three modes: MRC alone, FMRC alone, and MRC and fMRC images together (combined-MRC). Performance was determined by comparing findings with each mode to findings of invasive cholangiography (IC) and surgery. Results: Among 75 billary segments (correlated with IC), the sensitivity/specificity for diagnosing dilation (N = 41) with MRC was 95%/97%; with fMRC, 90%/100%; with combined-MRC, 100%/97%. For stricture (N = 7), the sensitivity/specificity of MRC was 86%/98%: of fMRC, 43%/100%; of combined-MRC, 86%/100%. For filling defects (N = 9), the sensitivity/specificity of MRC was 91%/98%; of fMRC 82%/ 100%; of combined-MRC, 91%/100%. For diagnosing obstruction (N = 9), the sensitivity/specificity of MRC, fMRC, and combined-MRC were 89%/100%, 100%/100%, and 100%/100%, respectively. For surgically proven cholecystitis (N = 13), positive predictive' values for diagnosing acute/ chronic cholecystitis for MRC were 33%/40%; for fMRC, 100%/50%; for combined-MRC, 100%/50%. Conclusion: Although single-shot fast spin echo (SSFSE)-MRC is valuable, the addition of fMRC-increased diagnostic performance for funtional biliary disorders.
- Bile duct abnormalities
- Biliary obstruction
- Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging
- Magnetic resonance cholangiography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging