Functional expression of heterologous proteins in yeast: Insights into Ca2+ signaling and Ca2+-transporting ATPases

Van Khue Ton, Rajini Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a well-developed, versatile, and widely used model organism. It offers a compact and fully sequenced genome, tractable genetics, simple and inexpensive culturing conditions, and, importantly, a conservation of basic cellular machinery and signal transducing pathways with higher eukaryotes. In this review, we describe recent technical advances in the heterologous expression of proteins in yeast and illustrate their application to the study of the Ca2+ homeostasis machinery, with particular emphasis on Ca2+-transporting ATPases. Putative Ca2+-ATPases in the newly sequenced genomes of organisms such as parasites, plants, and vertebrates have been investigated by functional complementation of an engineered yeast strain lacking endogenous Ca2+ pumps. High-throughput screens of mutant phenotypes to identify side chains critical for ion transport and selectivity have facilitated structure-function analysis, and genomewide approaches may be used to dissect cellular pathways involved in Ca2+ transport and trafficking. The utility of the yeast system is demonstrated by rapid advances in the study of the emerging family of Golgi/secretory pathway Ca2+,Mn2+-ATPases (SPCA). Functional expression of human SPCA1 in yeast has provided insight into the physiology, novel biochemical characteristics, and subcellular localization of this pump. Haploinsufficiency of SPCA1 leads to Hailey-Hailey disease (HDD), a debilitating blistering disorder of the skin. Missense mutations, identified in patients with HHD, may be conveniently assessed in yeast for loss-of-function phenotypes associated with the disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C580-C589
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume287
Issue number3 56-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004

Keywords

  • Calcium ion
  • Functional complementation
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • Transporters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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