Functional characterization of the S. cerevisiae genome by gene deletion and parallel analysis

Elizabeth A. Winzeler, Daniel D. Shoemaker, Anna Astromoff, Hong Liang, Keith Anderson, Bruno Andre, Rhonda Bangham, Rocio Benito, Jef D. Boeke, Howard Bussey, Angela M. Chu, Carla Connelly, Karen Davis, Fred Dietrich, Sally Whelen Dow, Mohamed El Bakkoury, Françoise Foury, Stephen H. Friend, Erik Gentalen, Guri GiaeverJohannes H. Hegemann, Ted Jones, Michael Laub, Hong Liao, Nicole Liebundguth, David J. Lockhart, Anca Lucau-Danila, Marc Lussier, Nasiha M'Rabet, Patrice Menard, Michael Mittmann, Chai Pai, Corinne Rebischung, Jose L. Revuelta, Linda Riles, Christopher J. Roberts, Petra Ross-MacDonald, Bart Scherens, Michael Snyder, Sharon Sookhai-Mahadeo, Reginald K. Storms, Steeve Véronneau, Marleen Voet, Guido Volckaert, Teresa R. Ward, Robert Wysocki, Grace S. Yen, Kexin Yu, Katja Zimmermann, Peter Philippsen, Mark Johnston, Ronald W. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The functions of many open reading frames (ORFs) identified in genome- sequencing projects are unknown. New, whole-genome approaches are required to systematically determine their function. A total of 6925 Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains were constructed, by a high-throughput strategy, each with a precise deletion of one of 2026 ORFs (more than one-third of the ORFs in the genome). Of the deleted ORFs, 17 percent were essential for viability in rich medium. The phenotypes of more than 500 deletion strains were assayed in parallel. Of the deletion strains, 40 percent showed quantitative growth defects in either rich or minimal medium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)901-906
Number of pages6
JournalScience
Volume285
Issue number5429
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 6 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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    Winzeler, E. A., Shoemaker, D. D., Astromoff, A., Liang, H., Anderson, K., Andre, B., Bangham, R., Benito, R., Boeke, J. D., Bussey, H., Chu, A. M., Connelly, C., Davis, K., Dietrich, F., Dow, S. W., El Bakkoury, M., Foury, F., Friend, S. H., Gentalen, E., ... Davis, R. W. (1999). Functional characterization of the S. cerevisiae genome by gene deletion and parallel analysis. Science, 285(5429), 901-906. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.285.5429.901