Functional brain network analysis reveals time-on-task related performance decline

Yu Sun, Anastasios Bezerianos, Nitish Thakor, Jinsong Li

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Because of the undesired consequences, particularly seen in deteriorated performance in real-word workspace, continuous efforts have been made to understand time-on-task (TOT) related mental fatigue. However, our understanding of the underlying neural mechanism of TOT is still rudimentary. In this study, EEG signals were recorded from 26 subjects undergoing a 20-min mentally-demanding psychomotor vigilance test. Instead of a mere two-point comparison (i.e., fatigue vs. vigilant), behaviour and EEG data were divided into 4 quartiles for better revealing the progression of TOT effect. We then employed advanced graph theoretical approach to quantify TOT effect in terms of global and local reorganisation of EEG functional connectivity within the lower alpha (8-10 Hz) band. Interestingly, we found a development trend towards disintegrated network topology with the TOT effect, as seen in significantly increased characteristic path length and reduced small-worldness. Moreover, we found TOT-related reduced local property of interconnectivity in left frontal and central areas with an increased local property in right parietal areas. These findings augment our understanding of how the brain reorganises following the accumulation of prolonged task and demonstrate the feasibility of using network metrics as neural biomarkers for mental fatigue assessment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2018
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages271-274
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781538636466
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 26 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2018 - Honolulu, United States
Duration: Jul 18 2018Jul 21 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2018-July
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Other

Other40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2018
CountryUnited States
CityHonolulu
Period7/18/187/21/18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Functional brain network analysis reveals time-on-task related performance decline'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this