Functional analysis and treatment of self-injurious behavior in young children: A summary of 30 cases

Patricia F. Kurtz, Michelle D. Chin, John M. Huete, Rachel S F Tarbox, Julia T. O'Connor, Theodosia R. Paclawskyj, Karena S. Rush

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The assessment and treatment of self-injurious behavior (SIB) has received much attention in the literature; however, few studies have focused on early intervention for this behavior. In the current study, functional analyses with developmentally appropriate modifications were conducted in an outpatient clinic with 30 children (aged 10 months to 4 years 11 months) to assess SIB and problem behavior in its early stages. The reported mean age of SIB onset was 17 months, and head banging was the most prevalent topography. Functional analyses identified sources of reinforcement for SIB in 62.1% of cases; with the inclusion of all forms of problem behavior, sources of reinforcement were identified for 87.5% of cases. Function-based treatments were developed for 24 cases, with functional communication training prescribed most often (70.8% of cases). Implications of these findings for the development of early intervention programs for SIB are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-219
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Volume36
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2003

Fingerprint

behavior
Self-Injurious Behavior
Reinforcement (Psychology)
Early intervention
Behavior problems
Reinforcement
reinforcement
intervention
child
problem
Stereotypic Movement Disorder
Ambulatory Care Facilities
Communication
Topography
Onset
Communication training
Inclusion
Young children
Functional analysis
Clinic

Keywords

  • Caregivers
  • Development
  • Functional analysis
  • Self-injurious behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Functional analysis and treatment of self-injurious behavior in young children : A summary of 30 cases. / Kurtz, Patricia F.; Chin, Michelle D.; Huete, John M.; Tarbox, Rachel S F; O'Connor, Julia T.; Paclawskyj, Theodosia R.; Rush, Karena S.

In: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, Vol. 36, No. 2, 06.2003, p. 205-219.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kurtz, Patricia F.; Chin, Michelle D.; Huete, John M.; Tarbox, Rachel S F; O'Connor, Julia T.; Paclawskyj, Theodosia R.; Rush, Karena S. / Functional analysis and treatment of self-injurious behavior in young children : A summary of 30 cases.

In: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, Vol. 36, No. 2, 06.2003, p. 205-219.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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