Function and solution structure of hainantoxin-I, a novel insect sodium channel inhibitor from the Chinese bird spider Selenocosmia hainana

Dongling Li, Yucheng Xiao, Weijun Hu, Jinyun Xie, Frank Bosmans, Jan Tytgat, Songping Liang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hainantoxin-I is a novel peptide toxin, purified from the venom of the Chinese bird spider Selenocosmia hainana (=Ornithoctonus hainana). It includes 33 amino acid residues with a disulfide linkage of I-IV, II-V and III-VI, assigned by partial reduction and sequence analysis. Under two-electrode voltage-clamp conditions, hainantoxin-I can block rNav1.2/β 1 and the insect sodium channel para/tipE expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes with IC50 values of 68±6 μM and 4.3±0.3 μM respectively. The three-dimensional solution structure of hainantoxin-I belongs to the inhibitor cystine knot structural family determined by two-dimensional 1H nuclear magnetic resonance techniques. Structural comparison of hainantoxin-I with those of other toxins suggests that the combination of the charged residues and a vicinal hydrophobic patch should be responsible for ligand binding. This is the first report of an insect sodium channel blocker from spider venom and it provides useful information for the structure-function relationship studies of insect sodium channels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)616-622
Number of pages7
JournalFEBS Letters
Volume555
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 18 2003

Keywords

  • Hainantoxin-i
  • ICK motif
  • Neurotoxin
  • Sodium channel
  • Solution structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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