"Front-stage" and "back-stage" information processes of critical discourse in intensive care settings

Danny Ho, Yan Xiao, Peter F. Hu, Vinay Vaidya, John P. Straumanis, Marcelo G. Cardarelli, Anthony F. Norcio, Ayse Gurses

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper presents an ongoing observational study to explore a "front-stage-back-stage" model of information processes during group discussions (multidisciplinary rounds) in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of an academic medical center. Participants were observed to collaborate on "front-stage" processes of case presentation, discussion of issues, and treatment planning, while in parallel they performed "back-stage" information activities. The front-stage and back-stage information processes were interdependent to address the need for fluid, highly time-pressured discourse with potential life-and-death consequences. We believe the front-stage-back-stage model adds to our understanding of collaborative information exchange and holds implications for computer supported cooperative work (CSCW) systems. For example, computing support may increase the efficiency and reliability of information transfer by enhancing the ability to "choreograph" front-stage and back-stage information processes during critical discourse such as medical rounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationConference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings
Pages3033-3038
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes
Event28th Annual CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Florence, Italy
Duration: Apr 5 2008Apr 10 2008

Other

Other28th Annual CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
CountryItaly
CityFlorence
Period4/5/084/10/08

Fingerprint

Computer supported cooperative work
Intensive care units
Pediatrics
Planning
Fluids

Keywords

  • Collaborative computing
  • CSCW
  • Data collection
  • Healthcare
  • Information management
  • Information systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Software

Cite this

Ho, D., Xiao, Y., Hu, P. F., Vaidya, V., Straumanis, J. P., Cardarelli, M. G., ... Gurses, A. (2008). "Front-stage" and "back-stage" information processes of critical discourse in intensive care settings. In Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings (pp. 3033-3038) https://doi.org/10.1145/1358628.1358803

"Front-stage" and "back-stage" information processes of critical discourse in intensive care settings. / Ho, Danny; Xiao, Yan; Hu, Peter F.; Vaidya, Vinay; Straumanis, John P.; Cardarelli, Marcelo G.; Norcio, Anthony F.; Gurses, Ayse.

Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings. 2008. p. 3033-3038.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Ho, D, Xiao, Y, Hu, PF, Vaidya, V, Straumanis, JP, Cardarelli, MG, Norcio, AF & Gurses, A 2008, "Front-stage" and "back-stage" information processes of critical discourse in intensive care settings. in Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings. pp. 3033-3038, 28th Annual CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Florence, Italy, 4/5/08. https://doi.org/10.1145/1358628.1358803
Ho D, Xiao Y, Hu PF, Vaidya V, Straumanis JP, Cardarelli MG et al. "Front-stage" and "back-stage" information processes of critical discourse in intensive care settings. In Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings. 2008. p. 3033-3038 https://doi.org/10.1145/1358628.1358803
Ho, Danny ; Xiao, Yan ; Hu, Peter F. ; Vaidya, Vinay ; Straumanis, John P. ; Cardarelli, Marcelo G. ; Norcio, Anthony F. ; Gurses, Ayse. / "Front-stage" and "back-stage" information processes of critical discourse in intensive care settings. Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings. 2008. pp. 3033-3038
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