From political to personal violence

Links between conflict and non-partner physical violence in post-conflict Liberia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

War and interpersonal violence together account for a large burden on global health. Yet very few studies look at the relationship between these types of aggression. Non-partner physical violence (NPPV) is an often-understudied form of gender-based violence (GBV). This analysis draws on two datasets from one conflict-affected country, Liberia, to evaluate the impact of conflict on NPPV post-conflict. The Armed Conflict Location and Event Dataset (ACLED) measures the intensity of the conflict in Liberia from 1999-2003, while the Demographic and Heath Survey (DHS) data measure women's experiences with violence four years post-conflict. Almost half of women surveyed (45%) indicated that they experienced any kind of NPPV, highlighting the widespread nature of this issue. A multilevel modelling approach was used to account for the nesting of individuals within districts. Women living in districts that experienced conflict events in four or five years were almost three times as likely (aOR 2.93, p <.001) to experience past-year NPPV compared to individuals living in no conflict districts. Findings from this study suggest women residing in a conflict event-affected district may be at heightened risk of increased violence even years after peace is declared.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalGlobal public health
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Liberia
Violence
Conflict (Psychology)
Physical Abuse
Aggression
Demography

Keywords

  • civil war
  • conflict
  • contagion of violence
  • human rights
  • Interpersonal violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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title = "From political to personal violence: Links between conflict and non-partner physical violence in post-conflict Liberia",
abstract = "War and interpersonal violence together account for a large burden on global health. Yet very few studies look at the relationship between these types of aggression. Non-partner physical violence (NPPV) is an often-understudied form of gender-based violence (GBV). This analysis draws on two datasets from one conflict-affected country, Liberia, to evaluate the impact of conflict on NPPV post-conflict. The Armed Conflict Location and Event Dataset (ACLED) measures the intensity of the conflict in Liberia from 1999-2003, while the Demographic and Heath Survey (DHS) data measure women's experiences with violence four years post-conflict. Almost half of women surveyed (45{\%}) indicated that they experienced any kind of NPPV, highlighting the widespread nature of this issue. A multilevel modelling approach was used to account for the nesting of individuals within districts. Women living in districts that experienced conflict events in four or five years were almost three times as likely (aOR 2.93, p <.001) to experience past-year NPPV compared to individuals living in no conflict districts. Findings from this study suggest women residing in a conflict event-affected district may be at heightened risk of increased violence even years after peace is declared.",
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author = "Jocelyn Kelly and Colantuoni, {Elizabeth Ann} and Robinson, {William C} and Decker, {Michele R}",
year = "2019",
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