BACKGROUND: Photochemical treatment (PCT) with amotosalen HCI (S-59) was developed to inactivate pathogens and white blood cells in plasma (PCT-FFP) used for transfusion support. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: An open-label, multicenter trial was conducted in patients with congenital coagulation factor deficiencies (factors [F]I, FII, FV, FVII, FX, FXI, and FXIII and protein C) to measure the kinetics of specific coagulation factors, hemostatic efficacy, and safety of PCT-FFR Posttransfusion prothrombin time (PT), partial thromboplastin time (PTT), and clinical hemostasis were evaluated before and after PCT-FFP transfusions. RESULTS: Thirty-four patients received 107 transfusions of PCT-FFP for kinetic studies or therapeutic indications (mean dose, 12.8 ± 8.5 mL/kg). Incremental factor recoveries ranged from 0.9 to 2.4 IU per dL per IU per kg (FII, FV, FVII, FX, FXI, and protein C). Mean pretransfusion PT (20.7 ± 22.2 sec) corrected after PCT-FFP (13.8 ± 2.4 sec, p < 0.001). Mean pretransfusion PTT (51.2 ± 29.3 sec) corrected after PCT-FFP (32.0 ± 5.1 sec, p < 0.001). Thirteen patients required 77 transfusions for therapeutic indications. PCT-FFP provided effective hemostasis and was well tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: Replacement coagulation factors in PCT-FFP exhibited kinetics and therapeutic efficacy consistent with conventional FFR.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy