The tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 1 (TRAF1) participates in the signal transduction of various members of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) family, including TNFR2, CD40, CD30, and the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1). In vitro, TRAF1 is induced by LMP1, and previous studies have suggested that expression of TRAF1 is higher in EBV-associated tumors than in their EBV-negative counterparts. To determine whether this was the case in posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) and related disorders, we used immunohistochemistry to analyze expression of TRAF1 in a total of 42 such lesions arising in a variety of immunosuppressive states. The specimens consisted of 22 PTLD lesions, 18 acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-associated lymphomas, including 6 primary central nervous system lymphomas, and 2 cases of Hodgkin disease. The presence of latent EBV infection was determined by EBER in situ hybridization, and expression of EBV-LMP1 was detected by immunohistochemistry. Latent EBV infection, as determined by a positive EBER signal, was detected in 36 of 42 tumors. Of the EBER-positive specimens, 30 of 36 also expressed LMP1. Twenty-four of 30 LMP1-positive tumors, including both Hodgkin disease specimens, expressed TRAF1, compared with only 3 of 12 LMP1-negative tumors. This difference was statistically significant (P < .005). These results show frequent expression of TRAF1 at the protein level in LMP1-positive PTLD and related disorders and suggest an important role for LMP1-mediated TRAF1 signaling in the pathogenesis of EBV-positive tumors arising in immunosuppressive states.
- Epstein-Barr virus
- Latent membrane protein 1
- Posttransplant lymphoma
- Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 1
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine