Frequent down-regulation of HIVEP2 in human breast cancer

Hiroaki Fujii, Edward Gabrielson, Tetsuya Takagaki, Mareki Ohtsuji, Naomi Ohtsuji, Okio Hino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The HIVEP2 gene, located on 6q23-q24, belongs to a family of genes that encodes large zinc fingers containing transcription factor proteins. Although this gene has been implicated in the regulation of immune responses and cellular proliferation, its functions are largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated HIVEP2 gene abnormalities in microdissected breast cancer tissue. For real-time quantitational RT-PCR analysis of paired normal and tumor tissues, mRNA levels were down-regulated to a maximum of 96%. The overall median expression level in breast cancer (33 cases) was significantly lower than that in normal breast tissue (normalized median value of 4.49 versus 17.68; p < 0.0001). Through full-length 5′-RACE (rapid amplification of cDNA ends) analysis, we identified multiple exons in the 5′-untranslated regions with multiple transcriptional start sites, four of which were located in a large CpG island. No tissue- or cancer-specific usage patterns for the transcription start sites were identified by multiplex RT-PCR analysis. Only faint methylation was detected in the 5prime; region of the island in normal cells and breast cancer tissue, indicating physiological, aging and no tumor-specific methylation. Mutation screening showed only germline polymorphisms. Thus, down-regulation of the HIVEP2 genes frequently occurs and may be one of the genetic events responsible for breast cancer, and their transcription may be regulated by complex mechanisms involving interactions with other factors and/or by other genetic/epigenetic mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-112
Number of pages10
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume91
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2005

Keywords

  • 6q23-24
  • Breast cancer
  • Down-regulation
  • HIVEP2
  • LOH
  • Real-time RT-PCR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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