Frequent dieting among adolescents: Psychosocial and health behavior correlates

S. A. French, M. Story, B. Downes, M. D. Resnick, Robert W Blum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives. The present study examined correlates of frequent dieting in 33 393 adolescents. It was hypothesized that frequent dieting would be correlated with negative psychosocial and health behavior outcomes. Methods. A comprehensive, school-based health behavior survey was administered in 1987 to public school students in grades 7 through 12 in Minnesota. Students self- reported dieting behavior; substance use; suicidal, sexual, and delinquent behavior; family and peer concerns, sick days; and abuse history. Differences on psychosocial and health behavior risk factors by dieting frequency and by purging status were assessed with multivariate logistic regression, with body mass index and demographic variables controlled. Results. Dieting frequency was associated with history of binge eating (females: odds ratio [OR] = 1.46, males: OR = 1.53); poor body image (females: OR = 0.56, males: OR = 0.63); lower connectedness to others (females: OR = 0.79); greater alcohol use (females: OR = 1.17); and greater tobacco use (females: OR = 1.08). Purging status was independently associated with negative risk factors in both males and females. Conclusions. These findings suggest that frequent dieting efforts in adolescents should not be viewed in isolation, but rather in the broader context of health and risk-taking behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)695-701
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume85
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

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Health Behavior
Odds Ratio
Students
Bulimia
Sick Leave
School Health Services
Body Image
Tobacco Use
Risk-Taking
Adolescent Health
Health Surveys
Sexual Behavior
Body Mass Index
Logistic Models
Alcohols
Demography
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Frequent dieting among adolescents : Psychosocial and health behavior correlates. / French, S. A.; Story, M.; Downes, B.; Resnick, M. D.; Blum, Robert W.

In: American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 85, No. 5, 1995, p. 695-701.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

French, SA, Story, M, Downes, B, Resnick, MD & Blum, RW 1995, 'Frequent dieting among adolescents: Psychosocial and health behavior correlates', American Journal of Public Health, vol. 85, no. 5, pp. 695-701.
French, S. A. ; Story, M. ; Downes, B. ; Resnick, M. D. ; Blum, Robert W. / Frequent dieting among adolescents : Psychosocial and health behavior correlates. In: American Journal of Public Health. 1995 ; Vol. 85, No. 5. pp. 695-701.
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