Frequency of small-colony variants and antimicrobial susceptibility of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in cystic fibrosis patients

Nuntra Suwantarat, Mayer Rubin, Latetia Bryan, Tsigereda Tekle, Michael P. Boyle, Karen C. Carroll, Mark T. Jennings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Small-colony variants (SCVs) are a distinct phenotype of Staphylococcus aureus, known for their role in chronic, difficult to treat infections, including cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease. The goal of this study was to characterize SCV MRSA infection in an adult and pediatric CF population and to identify antibiotic susceptibility patterns unique to SCV MRSA. Methods: We recovered methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) from respiratory culture samples from CF patients at the Johns Hopkins Hospital during a 6 month study period. Results: Of 1161 samples, 200 isolates (17%) were identified as MRSA, and 37 isolates from 28 patients were identified as SCV MRSA. A higher proportion of MRSA was found among SCV isolates (37/66, 56%) compared to normal colony variant (NCV) isolates (163/417, 39%), p = 0.02. All SCV MRSA isolates from individual patients were susceptible to vancomycin and ceftaroline, but they demonstrated higher rates of antibiotic resistance to trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, moxifloxacin, and erythromycin, compared to NCV MRSA isolates. Additionally, individuals with SCV MRSA had lower lung function, higher rates of persistent MRSA infection, and higher rates of previous antibiotic use, compared to individuals with NCV MRSA. Conclusions: A significant proportion of MRSA isolates recovered from patients with CF have the SCV morphology. Compared to individuals with NCV MRSA, those with SCV MRSA have higher rates of persistent MRSA infection and lower lung function. SCV MRSA isolates were more resistant than NCV, but they are highly susceptible to vancomycin, linezolid and ceftaroline.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)296-299
Number of pages4
JournalDiagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Volume90
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2018

Keywords

  • Cystic fibrosis
  • MRSA
  • Small colony variant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Frequency of small-colony variants and antimicrobial susceptibility of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in cystic fibrosis patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this