Frequency of apical and laminal /s/ in normal and postglossectomy patients

Maureen Stone, Susan Rizk, Jonghye Woo, Emi Z. Murano, Hegang Chen, Jerry L. Prince

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

American English can be produced with two types of ft/: apical or laminal. These productions differ in that the apical gesture requires independent tongue tip elevation, and the laminal does not. Postglossectomy speakers, who have lost a unilateral portion of the tongue body along the outer edge, lose innervation to the tongue tip. We hypothesize that postglossectomy patients, even those with a preserved tongue tip, will be more likely to use laminal tongue shapes because of reduced control of the tongue tip. This study examines /s/ type, palate height, and related parameters in 24 control participants and 13 patients with lateral resections using cine-MRI and dental casts. Results of this dataset show that palate height affects choice of/s/ in control participants, but not in patients. Patients tend to use laminal /s/.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)106-111
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Medical Speech-Language Pathology
Volume20
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012

Keywords

  • Apical
  • Glossectomy
  • Laminal
  • Speech
  • Tongue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Rehabilitation
  • Speech and Hearing

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