Free breathing respiratory motion of the heart measured from x-ray coronary angiograms

Guy Shechter, Cengizhan Ozturk, Jon R. Resar, Elliot R. McVeigh

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Respiratory motion compensation for cardiac imaging requires knowledge of the heart's motion and deformation during breathing. We propose a method for measuring the natural tidal respiratory motion of the heart using free breathing coronary angiograms. A 3D deformation field describing the cardiac and respiratory motion of the coronary arteries is recovered from a biplane acquisition. Cardiac and respiratory phase are assigned to the images from an ECG signal synchronized to the image acquisition, and from the diaphragmatic displacement as observed in the images. The resulting motion field is decomposed into cardiac and respiratory components by fitting the field with periodic 2D parametric functions, where one dimension spans one cardiac cycle, and the second dimension spans one respiratory cycle. The method is applied to patient datasets, and an analysis of respiratory motion of the heart is presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-43
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - Jul 5 2004
EventMedical Imaging 2004: Physiology, Function, and Structure from Medical Images - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Feb 15 2004Feb 17 2004


  • 3D
  • Coronary Arteries
  • Motion Tracking
  • Registration
  • Respiratory Motion
  • X-ray Angiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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