The yeast retrotransposon Ty1 encodes a 7-nucleotide RNA sequence that directs a programmed, +1 ribosomal frameshifting event required for Gag-Pol translation and retrotransposition. We report mutations that block frameshifting, which can be suppressed in cis by "transplanting" the frameshift signal to a position upstream of its native location. These "frameshift transplant" mutants transpose with only a modest decrease in efficiency, suggesting that the location of the frameshift signal in a functional Ty1 element may vary. The genomic architecture of Ty1 is such that Gag, Ty1 PR (PR), and the Gag-derived p4 peptide share a common sequence. The functional independence of the movement of the frameshift signal to a new location within the Ty1 element is used to unambiguously attribute the effect of mutations deleterious to transposition in this region of overlapping coding sequences to effects on the Ty1 (PR). This work defines the amino terminus of the Ty1 PR and introduces a new technique for studying viral genome organization.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science