Frailty and Constellations of Factors in Aging HIV-infected and Uninfected Women--The Women's Interagency HIV Study

D. R. Gustafson, Q. Shi, M. Thurn, S. Holman, H. Minkoff, M. Cohen, M. W. Plankey, R. Havlik, A. Sharma, Stephen J Gange, M. Gandhi, J. Milam, D. Hoover

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Biological similarities are noted between aging and HIV infection. Middle-aged adults with HIV infection may present as elderly due to accelerated aging or having more severe aging phenotypes occurring at younger ages.

OBJECTIVES: We explored age-adjusted prevalence of frailty, a geriatric condition, among HIV+ and at risk HIV- women.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional.

SETTING: The Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS).

PARTICIPANTS: 2028 middle-aged (average age 39 years) female participants (1449 HIV+; 579 HIV-).

MEASUREMENTS: The Fried Frailty Index (FFI), HIV status variables, and constellations of variables representing Demographic/health behaviors and Aging-related chronic diseases. Associations between the FFI and other variables were estimated, followed by stepwise regression models.

RESULTS: Overall frailty prevalence was 15.2% (HIV+, 17%; HIV-, 10%). A multivariable model suggested that HIV infection with CD4 count40 years; current or former smoking; income ≤$12,000; moderate vs low fibrinogen-4 (FIB-4) levels; and moderate vs high estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were positively associated with frailty. Low or moderate drinking was protective.

CONCLUSIONS: Frailty is a multidimensional aging phenotype observed in mid-life among women with HIV infection. Prevalence of frailty in this sample of HIV-infected women exceeds that for usual elderly populations. This highlights the need for geriatricians and gerontologists to interact with younger 'at risk' populations, and assists in the formulation of best recommendations for frailty interventions to prevent early aging, excess morbidities and early death.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-48
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of frailty & aging
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

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HIV
HIV Infections
Phenotype
Health Behavior
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Geriatrics
Fibrinogen
Drinking
Chronic Disease
Smoking
Demography
Morbidity
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Frailty and Constellations of Factors in Aging HIV-infected and Uninfected Women--The Women's Interagency HIV Study. / Gustafson, D. R.; Shi, Q.; Thurn, M.; Holman, S.; Minkoff, H.; Cohen, M.; Plankey, M. W.; Havlik, R.; Sharma, A.; Gange, Stephen J; Gandhi, M.; Milam, J.; Hoover, D.

In: The Journal of frailty & aging, Vol. 5, No. 1, 2016, p. 43-48.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gustafson, DR, Shi, Q, Thurn, M, Holman, S, Minkoff, H, Cohen, M, Plankey, MW, Havlik, R, Sharma, A, Gange, SJ, Gandhi, M, Milam, J & Hoover, D 2016, 'Frailty and Constellations of Factors in Aging HIV-infected and Uninfected Women--The Women's Interagency HIV Study', The Journal of frailty & aging, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 43-48. https://doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2016.79
Gustafson, D. R. ; Shi, Q. ; Thurn, M. ; Holman, S. ; Minkoff, H. ; Cohen, M. ; Plankey, M. W. ; Havlik, R. ; Sharma, A. ; Gange, Stephen J ; Gandhi, M. ; Milam, J. ; Hoover, D. / Frailty and Constellations of Factors in Aging HIV-infected and Uninfected Women--The Women's Interagency HIV Study. In: The Journal of frailty & aging. 2016 ; Vol. 5, No. 1. pp. 43-48.
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T1 - Frailty and Constellations of Factors in Aging HIV-infected and Uninfected Women--The Women's Interagency HIV Study

AU - Gustafson, D. R.

AU - Shi, Q.

AU - Thurn, M.

AU - Holman, S.

AU - Minkoff, H.

AU - Cohen, M.

AU - Plankey, M. W.

AU - Havlik, R.

AU - Sharma, A.

AU - Gange, Stephen J

AU - Gandhi, M.

AU - Milam, J.

AU - Hoover, D.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - BACKGROUND: Biological similarities are noted between aging and HIV infection. Middle-aged adults with HIV infection may present as elderly due to accelerated aging or having more severe aging phenotypes occurring at younger ages.OBJECTIVES: We explored age-adjusted prevalence of frailty, a geriatric condition, among HIV+ and at risk HIV- women.DESIGN: Cross-sectional.SETTING: The Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS).PARTICIPANTS: 2028 middle-aged (average age 39 years) female participants (1449 HIV+; 579 HIV-).MEASUREMENTS: The Fried Frailty Index (FFI), HIV status variables, and constellations of variables representing Demographic/health behaviors and Aging-related chronic diseases. Associations between the FFI and other variables were estimated, followed by stepwise regression models.RESULTS: Overall frailty prevalence was 15.2% (HIV+, 17%; HIV-, 10%). A multivariable model suggested that HIV infection with CD4 count40 years; current or former smoking; income ≤$12,000; moderate vs low fibrinogen-4 (FIB-4) levels; and moderate vs high estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were positively associated with frailty. Low or moderate drinking was protective.CONCLUSIONS: Frailty is a multidimensional aging phenotype observed in mid-life among women with HIV infection. Prevalence of frailty in this sample of HIV-infected women exceeds that for usual elderly populations. This highlights the need for geriatricians and gerontologists to interact with younger 'at risk' populations, and assists in the formulation of best recommendations for frailty interventions to prevent early aging, excess morbidities and early death.

AB - BACKGROUND: Biological similarities are noted between aging and HIV infection. Middle-aged adults with HIV infection may present as elderly due to accelerated aging or having more severe aging phenotypes occurring at younger ages.OBJECTIVES: We explored age-adjusted prevalence of frailty, a geriatric condition, among HIV+ and at risk HIV- women.DESIGN: Cross-sectional.SETTING: The Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS).PARTICIPANTS: 2028 middle-aged (average age 39 years) female participants (1449 HIV+; 579 HIV-).MEASUREMENTS: The Fried Frailty Index (FFI), HIV status variables, and constellations of variables representing Demographic/health behaviors and Aging-related chronic diseases. Associations between the FFI and other variables were estimated, followed by stepwise regression models.RESULTS: Overall frailty prevalence was 15.2% (HIV+, 17%; HIV-, 10%). A multivariable model suggested that HIV infection with CD4 count40 years; current or former smoking; income ≤$12,000; moderate vs low fibrinogen-4 (FIB-4) levels; and moderate vs high estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were positively associated with frailty. Low or moderate drinking was protective.CONCLUSIONS: Frailty is a multidimensional aging phenotype observed in mid-life among women with HIV infection. Prevalence of frailty in this sample of HIV-infected women exceeds that for usual elderly populations. This highlights the need for geriatricians and gerontologists to interact with younger 'at risk' populations, and assists in the formulation of best recommendations for frailty interventions to prevent early aging, excess morbidities and early death.

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