Four specific interleukin-2 (IL-2) specific binding proteins can be detected by covalent cross-linking of [125I]IL-2 to rat spleen cells that have been activated with various stimuli including concanavalin A (Con A), phytohaemagglutinin (PHA), calcium ionophore, and phorbol dibutyrate (PDB) with or without calcium ionophore. These four cross-linked proteins could not be demonstrated in either unstimulated T cells or in activated T cells when binding was performed in the presence of a 20-100-fold excess of unlabelled IL-2. The molecular weights of the four cross-linked proteins, after subtraction of the molecular weight contribution of IL-2 are: 53,000, 70,000, 90,000 and 118,000. The 53,000 MW protein was identified as the rat IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) α-chain by immune precipitation. Additionally, results suggest that the rat IL-2R α-chain is tightly complexed to both the 118,000 and 90,000 MW IL-2 binding proteins. Purification of surface labelled proteins from activated cells using IL-2 affinity chromatography yields four proteins with similar molecular weight to those identified by cross-linking plus an additional non-ligand cross-linked protein of 46,000 MW. The 46,000 MW band may be a non-binding associated protein since it was not seen following [125I]IL-2 binding cross-linking. Tryptic digests and two-dimensional separation of the affinity-isolated proteins indicate that unique peptide maps are generated for the 46,000, 53,000 and 70,000 MW proteins and excludes the possibility that the bands identified by cross-linking represents cross-linking of multiple ligands to the 53,000 MW subunit. However, the 90,000 and 118,000 MW band yield peptide maps that closely resemble each other suggesting that these binding proteins may be related. These results suggest that at least four IL-2 surface binding proteins may constitute the rat IL-2R system.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy