Fostering patient safety competencies using multiple-patient simulation experiences

Pamela M. Ironside, Pamela R. Jeffries, Anne Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations


This multisite study examined the impact of multiple-patient simulation experiences on the development of nursing students' patient safety competencies in the final semester of their baccalaureate or associate degree nursing program. It extends the Jeffries Simulation Model by investigating how the student factors of tolerance for ambiguity and self-reported grade point average (GPA), in addition to age, relate to the outcomes of simulation. The study showed that students' safety competencies improved significantly from the first to the second simulation. Student age, GPA, and tolerance of ambiguity were not significantly correlated to the students' demonstration of patient safety competencies. The findings of this study contribute to the science of nursing education by providing evidence for nursing educators related to the impact of multiple-patient simulations on improving and documenting students' patient safety competencies before their entry into the workforce.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)332-337
Number of pages6
JournalNursing outlook
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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