Formation of novel non-cyclooxygenase-derived prostanoids (F2-lsoprostanes) in carbon tetrachloride hepatotoxicity: An animal model of lipid peroxidation

Jason D. Morrow, Joseph A. Awad, Tatsuko Kato, Kihito Takahashi, Kamal F. Badr, L. Jackson Roberts, Raymond F. Burk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


These studies examine the in vivo formation of a unique series of PGF2-like compounds (F2-isoprostanes) derived from free radical-catalyzed nonenzymatic peroxidation of arachidonic acid. We have previously shown that levels of these compounds increase up to 50-fold in rats administered CC14-To understand further the formation of these compounds in vivo, we carried out a series of experiments assessing factors influencing their generation. After CCl4 (2 ml/kg) was administered to rats, plasma F2-isoprostanes increased 55-fold by 4 h. Levels declined thereafter, but at 24 h, they were still elevated 21-fold, indicating continued lipid peroxidation. Pretreatment of rats with isonicotinic acid hydrazide and phenobarbital to induce cytochrome P-450 enhanced the production of F2-isoprostanes after CCl4 administration eightfold and fivefold, respectively, whereas inhibition of the cytochrome P-450 system with SKF-525A and 4-methylpyrazole decreased formation of F2-isoprostanes after CCl4 by 55 and 82%, respectively. Further, the glutathione-depleting agents buthionine sulfoximine and phorone augmented the F2-isoprostane response to CCl4 by 22- and 11-fold, respectively. F2-isoprostanes are formed in situ esterified to lipids and, in addition to increases in levels of free F2-iso-prostanes in the circulation, levels of F2-isoprostanes esterified to lipids in various organs and plasma also increase sharply during CCl4 poisoning. The measurement of F2-isoprostanes may facilitate investigation of the role of lipid peroxidation in human diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2502-2507
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1992
Externally publishedYes


  • Eicosanoid
  • Free radical
  • oxidation
  • Peroxidation
  • Prostaglandin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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