Tissue-engineered vascular grafts (TEVGs) have shown significant promise; however, progression toward clinical application has been limited by the use of slow degrading polymers, which cause prolonged inflammatory responses and alter remodeling. Thus, a significant need persists to develop a vascular graft that is easily implanted, withstands the mechanical stresses of arterial flow, and quickly degrades after remodeling. We utilized textile technology to braid a TEVG comprised exclusively of rapidly degrading poly(glycolic acid). Implantation in an in vivo rat abdominal aorta model demonstrated near complete degradation of the initial TEVG scaffold by 6 months and formation of a neoartery with continuous endothelium, contractile smooth muscle cells, extracellular matrix deposition, and mechanical properties comparable to native aorta. Furthermore, coating of the braided poly(glycolic acid) TEVG with poly(glycerol sebacate) led to decreased calcification in the resultant neoartery. These novel results warrant further studies and may aid in the development of the ideal degradable vascular graft.
- rapidly degrading
- tissue engineered vascular grafts
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering